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Гвоздичноцветные - Caryophyllales 6/21/08—8/27/22

Caryophyllales is an order of flowering plants that includes the cacti, carnations, amaranths, ice plants, beets, and many carnivorous plants. Many members are succulent, having fleshy stems or leaves. The members of Caryophyllales include about 6% of eudicot species. This order is part of the core eudicots. Currently, the Caryophyllales contains 33 families, 692 genera and 11,155 species. The monophyly of the Caryophyllales has been supported by DNA sequences, cytochrome c sequence data and heritable characters such as anther wall development and vessel-elements with simple perforations. As with all taxa, the circumscription of Caryophyllales has changed within various classification systems. All systems recognize a core of families with centrospermous ovules and seeds. More recent treatments have expanded the Caryophyllales to include many carnivorous plants. Although the monophyly of the order has been strongly supported, their placement is still uncertain. Systematists are undecided on whether Caryophyllales should be placed within the rosid complex or sister to the asterid clade. The possible connection between sympetalous angiosperms and Caryophyllales was presaged by Bessey, Hutchinson, and others; as Lawrence relates: "The evidence is reasonably conclusive that the Primulaceae and the Caryophyllaceae have fundamentally the same type of gynecia, and as concluded by Douglas (1936)(and essentially Dickson, 1936) '...the vascular pattern and the presence of locules at the base of the ovary point to the fact that the present much reduced flower of the Primulaceae has descended from an ancestor which was characterized by a plurilocular ovary and axial placentation. This primitive flower might well be found in centrospermal stock as Wernham, Bessy, and Hutchinson have suggested.' " Caryophyllales is separated into two suborders: Caryophyllineae and Polygonineae. These two suborders were formerly (and sometimes still are) recognized as two orders, Polygonales and Caryophyllales.
Аизовые - Aizoaceae The Aizoaceae (fig-marigold family) is a large family of dicotyledonous flowering plants containing 135 genera and about...

Аизовые - Aizoaceae

The Aizoaceae (fig-marigold family) is a large family of dicotyledonous flowering plants containing 135 genera and about 1800 species. They are commonly known…

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Амарантовые - Amaranthaceae Amaranthaceae is a family of flowering plants commonly known as the amaranth family, in reference to its type genus...

Амарантовые - Amaranthaceae

Amaranthaceae is a family of flowering plants commonly known as the amaranth family, in reference to its type genus Amaranthus. It includes the former goosefoot…

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Базелловые - Basellaceae Basellaceae is a family of flowering plants, in the order Caryophyllales in the clade core eudicots, according to the...

Базелловые - Basellaceae

Basellaceae is a family of flowering plants, in the order Caryophyllales in the clade core eudicots, according to the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. The family…

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Гвоздичные - Caryophyllaceae Caryophyllaceae, commonly called the pink family or carnation family, is a family of flowering plants. It is included in...

Гвоздичные - Caryophyllaceae

Caryophyllaceae, commonly called the pink family or carnation family, is a family of flowering plants. It is included in the dicotyledon order Caryophyllales in…

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Гребенщиковые - Tamaricaceae The Tamaricaceae are a flowering plant family (the tamarisk family) containing four genera and a total of 78 known...

Гребенщиковые - Tamaricaceae

The Tamaricaceae are a flowering plant family (the tamarisk family) containing four genera and a total of 78 known species. In the 1980s, the family was…

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Гречишные - Polygonaceae The Polygonaceae are a family of flowering plants known informally as the knotweed family or smartweed—buckwheat family...

Гречишные - Polygonaceae

The Polygonaceae are a family of flowering plants known informally as the knotweed family or smartweed—buckwheat family in the United States. The name is based…

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Кактусовые - Cactaceae A cactus is a member of the plant family Cactaceae, a family comprising about 127 genera with some 1750 known species of...

Кактусовые - Cactaceae

A cactus is a member of the plant family Cactaceae, a family comprising about 127 genera with some 1750 known species of the order Caryophyllales. The word…

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Лаконосовые - Phytolaccaceae Phytolaccaceae is a family of flowering plants. Such a family has been almost universally recognized by taxonomists,...

Лаконосовые - Phytolaccaceae

Phytolaccaceae is a family of flowering plants. Such a family has been almost universally recognized by taxonomists, although its circumscription has varied. It…

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Монтиевые - Montiaceae Montiaceae are a family of flowering plants, comprising about 14 genera with about 230 known species, ranging from...

Монтиевые - Montiaceae

Montiaceae are a family of flowering plants, comprising about 14 genera with about 230 known species, ranging from herbaceous plants to shrubs. The family has a…

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Непентовые - Nepenthaceae Nepenthes, also known as tropical pitcher plants, is a genus of carnivorous plants in the monotypic family Nepenthaceae....

Непентовые - Nepenthaceae

Nepenthes, also known as tropical pitcher plants, is a genus of carnivorous plants in the monotypic family Nepenthaceae. The genus comprises roughly 150…

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Ночецветные - Nyctaginaceae Nyctaginaceae, the four o'clock family, is a family of around 33 genera and 290 species of flowering plants, widely...

Ночецветные - Nyctaginaceae

Nyctaginaceae, the four o'clock family, is a family of around 33 genera and 290 species of flowering plants, widely distributed in tropical and subtropical…

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Портулаковые - Portulacaceae The Portulacaceae are a family of flowering plants, comprising 115 species in a single genus Portulaca. Formerly some 20...

Портулаковые - Portulacaceae

The Portulacaceae are a family of flowering plants, comprising 115 species in a single genus Portulaca. Formerly some 20 genera with about 500 species, were…

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Росянковые - Droseraceae Droseraceae is a family of flowering plants. The family is also known as the sundew family. It is a small family of...

Росянковые - Droseraceae

Droseraceae is a family of flowering plants. The family is also known as the sundew family. It is a small family of carnivorous plants, which consist of…

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Свинчатковые - Plumbaginaceae Plumbaginaceae is a family of flowering plants, with a cosmopolitan distribution. The family is sometimes referred to as...

Свинчатковые - Plumbaginaceae

Plumbaginaceae is a family of flowering plants, with a cosmopolitan distribution. The family is sometimes referred to as the leadwort family or the plumbago…

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Симмондсиевые - Simmondsiaceae Simmondsiaceae or the jojoba family is a family of flowering plants. The family is not recognized by all taxonomic...

Симмондсиевые - Simmondsiaceae

Simmondsiaceae or the jojoba family is a family of flowering plants. The family is not recognized by all taxonomic systems, the single species, Simmondsia…

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