Двудольные (Dicotyledones) 07/05/05—16/02/19

The dicotyledons, also known as dicots (or more rarely dicotyls), were one of the two groups into which all the flowering plants or angiosperms were formerly divided. The name refers to one of the typical characteristics of the group, namely that the seed has two embryonic leaves or cotyledons. There are around 200,000 species within this group. The other group of flowering plants were called monocotyledons or monocots, typically having one cotyledon. Historically, these two groups formed the two divisions of the flowering plants. so they can not divide in two equal parts. Largely from the 1990s onwards, molecular phylogenetic research confirmed what had already been suspected, namely that dicotyledons are not a group made up of all the descendants of a common ancestor (i.e. they are not a monophyletic group). Rather, a number of lineages, such as the magnoliids and groups now collectively known as the basal angiosperms, diverged earlier than the monocots did. The traditional dicots are thus a paraphyletic group. The largest clade of the dicotyledons are known as the eudicots. They are distinguished from all other flowering plants by the structure of their pollen. Other dicotyledons and monocotyledons have monosulcate pollen, or forms derived from it, whereas eudicots have tricolpate pollen, or derived forms, the pollen having three or more pores set in furrows called colpi.
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Австробэйлиецветные (Austrobaileyales) Austrobaileyales is an order of flowering plants consisting of about 100 species of woody plants growing as trees,…

Австробэйлиецветные (Austrobaileyales)

Austrobaileyales is an order of flowering plants consisting of about 100 species of woody plants growing as trees, shrubs and lianas. Perhaps the most familiar…

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Астроцветные (Asterales) Asterales is an order of dicotyledonous flowering plants that includes the large family Asteraceae (or Compositae) known…

Астроцветные (Asterales)

Asterales is an order of dicotyledonous flowering plants that includes the large family Asteraceae (or Compositae) known for composite flowers made of florets,…

1713 images

Бересклетоцветные (Celastrales) The Celastrales are an order of flowering plants found throughout the tropics and subtropics, with only a few species…

Бересклетоцветные (Celastrales)

The Celastrales are an order of flowering plants found throughout the tropics and subtropics, with only a few species extending far into the temperate regions.…

112 images

Бобовоцветные (Fabales) The Fabales are an order of flowering plants included in the rosid group of the eudicots in the Angiosperm Phylogeny…

Бобовоцветные (Fabales)

The Fabales are an order of flowering plants included in the rosid group of the eudicots in the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group II classification system. In the APG…

929 images

Букоцветные (Fagales) The Fagales are an order of flowering plants, including some of the best-known trees. The order name is derived from…

Букоцветные (Fagales)

The Fagales are an order of flowering plants, including some of the best-known trees. The order name is derived from genus Fagus, beeches. They belong among the…

336 images

Бурачникоцветные (Boraginales) Boraginales is a valid taxonomic name at the rank of order for a group of flowering plants. When recognized, it includes…

Бурачникоцветные (Boraginales)

Boraginales is a valid taxonomic name at the rank of order for a group of flowering plants. When recognized, it includes Boraginaceae and closely related…

269 images

Верескоцветные (Ericales)

The Ericales are a large and diverse order of dicotyledons, including, for example, tea, persimmon, blueberry, Brazil nut, and azalea. The order includes trees,…

982 images

Виноградоцветные (Vitales)

The Vitaceae are a family of dicotyledonous flowering plants, with 14 genera and ca 910 known species, including the grapevine and Virginia creeper. The family…

123 images

Ворсянкоцветные (Dipsacales)

The Dipsacales are an order of flowering plants, included within the asterid group of dicotyledons. In the APG III system of 2009, the order includes only two…

461 images

Гвоздичноцветные (Caryophyllales)

Caryophyllales is an order of flowering plants that includes the cacti, carnations, amaranths, ice plants, beets, and many carnivorous plants. Many members are…

1102 images

Гераниецветные (Geraniales)

Geraniales are a small order of flowering plants, included within the rosid subclade of eudicots. The largest family in the order is Geraniaceae with over 800…

186 images

Горечавкоцветные (Gentianales)

Gentianales is an order of flowering plants, included within the asterid clade of eudicots. It comprises more than 16,000 species in about 1,138 genera in 5…

378 images

Камнеломкоцветные (Saxifragales)

The Saxifragales are an order of flowering plants. Their closest relatives are a large eudicot group known as the rosids by the definition of rosids given in…

735 images

Капустоцветные (Brassicales)

The Brassicales (or Cruciales) are an order of flowering plants, belonging to the eurosids II group of dicotyledons under the APG II system. One character…

524 images

Кизилоцветные (Cornales)

The Cornales are an order of flowering plants, basal among the asterids, containing about 600 species. Plants within the Cornales usually have four-parted…

187 images

Кисличноцветные (Oxalidales)

The Oxalidales is an order of flowering plants, included within the rosid subgroup of eudicots. Compound leaves are common in Oxalidales and the majority of the…

56 images

Кроссосомоцветные (Crossosomatales)

Staphyleaceae is a small family of flowering plants in the order Crossosomatales, native to the Northern Hemisphere and also in South America. The largest genus…

31 images

Кувшинкоцветные (Nymphaeales)

The Nymphaeales are an order of flowering plants, consisting of three families of aquatic plants, the Hydatellaceae, the Cabombaceae, and the Nymphaeaceae…

61 images

Лавроцветные (Laurales)

The Laurales are an order of flowering plants. They are magnoliids, related to the Magnoliales. The order includes about 2500-2800 species from 85-90 genera,…

12 images

Лютикоцветные (Ranunculales)

Ranunculales is an order of flowering plants. Of necessity it contains the family Ranunculaceae, the buttercup family, because the name of the order is based on…

1109 images

Магнолиецветные (Magnoliales)

The Magnoliales comprise an order of flowering plants.

90 images

Мальвоцветные (Malvales)

The Malvales are an order of flowering plants. As circumscribed by APG II-system, the order includes about 6000 species within 9 families. The order is placed…

378 images

Мальпигиецветные (Malpighiales)

The Malpighiales comprise one of the largest orders of flowering plants, containing about 16,000 species, about 7.8% of the eudicots. The order is very diverse,…

506 images

Миртоцветные (Myrtales)

The Myrtales are an order of flowering plants placed as a sister to the eurosids II clade as of the publishing of the Eucalyptus grandis genome in June 2014.…

287 images

Падубоцветные (Aquifoliales)

The Aquifoliales are an order of flowering plants, including the Aquifoliaceae (or holly) family, and also the Helwingiaceae (2-5 species of temperate Asian…

17 images

Парнолистникоцветные (Zygophyllales)

The Zygophyllales are an order of dicotyledonous plants, comprising the following two families: Zygophyllaceae, Krameriaceae. According to the Angiosperm…

7 images

Паслёноцветные (Solanales)

The Solanales are an order of flowering plants, included in the asterid group of dicotyledons. Some older sources used the name Polemoniales for this order.

1679 images

Перечноцветные (Piperales)

Piperales is a botanical name for an order of flowering plants. It necessarily includes the family Piperaceae but otherwise has been treated variously over…

34 images

Протеецветные (Proteales)

Proteales is the botanical name of an order of flowering plants consisting of two (or three) families. The Proteales have been recognized by almost all…

72 images

Розоцветные (Rosales)

Rosales is an order of flowering plants. It is sister to a clade consisting of Fagales and Cucurbitales. It contains about 7700 species, distributed into about…

2577 images

Самшитоцветные (Buxales)

The Buxales are a small order of eudicot flowering plants, recognized by the APG IV system of 2016. The order includes the family Buxaceae; the families…

16 images

Сапиндоцветные (Sapindales)

Sapindales is an order of flowering plants. Well-known members of Sapindales include citrus; maples, horse-chestnuts, lychees and rambutans; mangos and cashews;…

647 images

Сельдереецветные (Apiales)

The Apiales are an order of flowering plants. The families are those recognized in the APG III system. This is typical of the newer classifications, though…

607 images

Тыквоцветные (Cucurbitales)

The Cucurbitales are an order of flowering plants, included in the rosid group of dicotyledons. This order mostly belongs to tropical areas, with limited…

352 images

Эскаллониецветные (Escalloniales)

Escalloniaceae is a family of flowering plants consisting of about 130 species in seven genera. In the APG II system it is one of eight families in the…

13 images

Ясноткоцветные (Lamiales)

The Lamiales are an order in the asterid group of dicotyledonous flowering plants. It includes about 23,810 species, 1,059 genera, and is divided into about 24…

1893 images

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