Двудольные (Dicotyledones) 07/05/05—02/04/18

The dicotyledons, also known as dicots (or more rarely dicotyls), were one of the two groups into which all the flowering plants or angiosperms were formerly divided. The name refers to one of the typical characteristics of the group, namely that the seed has two embryonic leaves or cotyledons. There are around 200,000 species within this group.[3] The other group of flowering plants were called monocotyledons or monocots, typically having one cotyledon. Historically, these two groups formed the two divisions of the flowering plants. so they can not divide in two equal parts. Largely from the 1990s onwards, molecular phylogenetic research confirmed what had already been suspected, namely that dicotyledons are not a group made up of all the descendants of a common ancestor (i.e. they are not a monophyletic group). Rather, a number of lineages, such as the magnoliids and groups now collectively known as the basal angiosperms, diverged earlier than the monocots did. The traditional dicots are thus a paraphyletic group. The largest clade of the dicotyledons are known as the eudicots. They are distinguished from all other flowering plants by the structure of their pollen. Other dicotyledons and monocotyledons have monosulcate pollen, or forms derived from it, whereas eudicots have tricolpate pollen, or derived forms, the pollen having three or more pores set in furrows called colpi.
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Астроцветные (Asterales) Asterales /æstəˈreɪliːz/ is an order of dicotyledonous flowering plants that includes the large family Asteraceae (or…

Астроцветные (Asterales)

Asterales /æstəˈreɪliːz/ is an order of dicotyledonous flowering plants that includes the large family Asteraceae (or Compositae) known for composite flowers…

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Бересклетоцветные (Celastrales) The Celastrales are an order of flowering plants found throughout the tropics and subtropics, with only a few species…

Бересклетоцветные (Celastrales)

The Celastrales are an order of flowering plants found throughout the tropics and subtropics, with only a few species extending far into the temperate regions.…

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Бобовоцветные (Fabales) The Fabales are an order of flowering plants included in the rosid group of the eudicots in the Angiosperm Phylogeny…

Бобовоцветные (Fabales)

The Fabales are an order of flowering plants included in the rosid group of the eudicots in the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group II classification system. In the APG…

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Букоцветные (Fagales) The Fagales are an order of flowering plants, including some of the best-known trees. The order name is derived from…

Букоцветные (Fagales)

The Fagales are an order of flowering plants, including some of the best-known trees. The order name is derived from genus Fagus, beeches. They belong among the…

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Бурачникоцветные (Boraginales) Boraginales is a valid taxonomic name at the rank of order for a group of flowering plants. When recognized, it includes…

Бурачникоцветные (Boraginales)

Boraginales is a valid taxonomic name at the rank of order for a group of flowering plants. When recognized, it includes Boraginaceae and closely related…

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Верескоцветные (Ericales) The Ericales are a large and diverse order of dicotyledons, including, for example, tea, persimmon, blueberry, Brazil…

Верескоцветные (Ericales)

The Ericales are a large and diverse order of dicotyledons, including, for example, tea, persimmon, blueberry, Brazil nut, and azalea. The order includes trees,…

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Виноградоцветные (Vitales) The Vitaceae are a family of dicotyledonous flowering plants, with 14 genera and ca 910 known species, including the…

Виноградоцветные (Vitales)

The Vitaceae are a family of dicotyledonous flowering plants, with 14 genera and ca 910 known species, including the grapevine and Virginia creeper. The family…

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Ворсянкоцветные (Dipsacales) The Dipsacales are an order of flowering plants, included within the asterid group of dicotyledons. In the APG III…

Ворсянкоцветные (Dipsacales)

The Dipsacales are an order of flowering plants, included within the asterid group of dicotyledons. In the APG III system of 2009, the order includes only two…

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Гвоздичноцветные (Caryophyllales) Caryophyllales (/ˌkærioʊfiˈleɪliːz/ kair-ee-uu-fil-LAY-leez) is an order of flowering plants that includes the cacti,…

Гвоздичноцветные (Caryophyllales)

Caryophyllales (/ˌkærioʊfiˈleɪliːz/ kair-ee-uu-fil-LAY-leez) is an order of flowering plants that includes the cacti, carnations, amaranths, ice plants, beets,…

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Гераниецветные (Geraniales) Geraniales are a small order of flowering plants, included within the rosid subclade of eudicots. The largest family in…

Гераниецветные (Geraniales)

Geraniales are a small order of flowering plants, included within the rosid subclade of eudicots. The largest family in the order is Geraniaceae with over 800…

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Горечавкоцветные (Gentianales) Gentianales is an order of flowering plants, included within the asterid clade of eudicots. It comprises more than…

Горечавкоцветные (Gentianales)

Gentianales is an order of flowering plants, included within the asterid clade of eudicots. It comprises more than 16,000 species in about 1,138 genera in 5…

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Камнеломкоцветные (Saxifragales) The Saxifragales are an order of flowering plants. Their closest relatives are a large eudicot group known as the rosids…

Камнеломкоцветные (Saxifragales)

The Saxifragales are an order of flowering plants. Their closest relatives are a large eudicot group known as the rosids by the definition of rosids given in…

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Капустоцветные (Brassicales) The Brassicales (or Cruciales) are an order of flowering plants, belonging to the eurosids II group of dicotyledons…

Капустоцветные (Brassicales)

The Brassicales (or Cruciales) are an order of flowering plants, belonging to the eurosids II group of dicotyledons under the APG II system. One character…

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Кизилоцветные (Cornales) The Cornales are an order of flowering plants, basal among the asterids, containing about 600 species. Plants within the…

Кизилоцветные (Cornales)

The Cornales are an order of flowering plants, basal among the asterids, containing about 600 species. Plants within the Cornales usually have four-parted…

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Кисличноцветные (Oxalidales) The Oxalidales is an order of flowering plants, included within the rosid subgroup of eudicots. Compound leaves are…

Кисличноцветные (Oxalidales)

The Oxalidales is an order of flowering plants, included within the rosid subgroup of eudicots. Compound leaves are common in Oxalidales and the majority of the…

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Кроссосомоцветные (Crossosomatales) Staphyleaceae is a small family of flowering plants in the order Crossosomatales, native to the Northern Hemisphere and…

Кроссосомоцветные (Crossosomatales)

Staphyleaceae is a small family of flowering plants in the order Crossosomatales, native to the Northern Hemisphere and also in South America. The largest genus…

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Кувшинкоцветные (Nymphaeales) The Nymphaeales are an order of flowering plants, consisting of three families of aquatic plants, the Hydatellaceae, the…

Кувшинкоцветные (Nymphaeales)

The Nymphaeales are an order of flowering plants, consisting of three families of aquatic plants, the Hydatellaceae, the Cabombaceae, and the Nymphaeaceae…

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Лавроцветные (Laurales) The Laurales are an order of flowering plants. They are magnoliids, related to the Magnoliales. The order includes about…

Лавроцветные (Laurales)

The Laurales are an order of flowering plants. They are magnoliids, related to the Magnoliales. The order includes about 2500-2800 species from 85-90 genera,…

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Лютикоцветные (Ranunculales) Ranunculales is an order of flowering plants. Of necessity it contains the family Ranunculaceae, the buttercup family,…

Лютикоцветные (Ranunculales)

Ranunculales is an order of flowering plants. Of necessity it contains the family Ranunculaceae, the buttercup family, because the name of the order is based on…

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Магнолиецветные (Magnoliales) The Magnoliales comprise an order of flowering plants.

Магнолиецветные (Magnoliales)

The Magnoliales comprise an order of flowering plants.

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Мальвоцветные (Malvales) The Malvales are an order of flowering plants. As circumscribed by APG II-system, the order includes about 6000 species…

Мальвоцветные (Malvales)

The Malvales are an order of flowering plants. As circumscribed by APG II-system, the order includes about 6000 species within 9 families. The order is placed…

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Мальпигиецветные (Malpighiales) The Malpighiales comprise one of the largest orders of flowering plants, containing about 16,000 species, about 7.8% of…

Мальпигиецветные (Malpighiales)

The Malpighiales comprise one of the largest orders of flowering plants, containing about 16,000 species, about 7.8% of the eudicots. The order is very diverse,…

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Миртоцветные (Myrtales) The Myrtales are an order of flowering plants placed as a sister to the eurosids II clade as of the publishing of the…

Миртоцветные (Myrtales)

The Myrtales are an order of flowering plants placed as a sister to the eurosids II clade as of the publishing of the Eucalyptus grandis genome in June 2014.…

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Падубоцветные (Aquifoliales) The Aquifoliales are an order of flowering plants, including the Aquifoliaceae (or holly) family, and also the…

Падубоцветные (Aquifoliales)

The Aquifoliales are an order of flowering plants, including the Aquifoliaceae (or holly) family, and also the Helwingiaceae (2-5 species of temperate Asian…

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Парнолистникоцветные (Zygophyllales)

The Zygophyllales are an order of dicotyledonous plants, comprising the following two families: Zygophyllaceae, Krameriaceae. According to the Angiosperm…

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Паслёноцветные (Solanales)

The Solanales are an order of flowering plants, included in the asterid group of dicotyledons. Some older sources used the name Polemoniales for this order.

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Перечноцветные (Piperales)

Piperales is a botanical name for an order of flowering plants. It necessarily includes the family Piperaceae but otherwise has been treated variously over…

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Протеецветные (Proteales)

Proteales is the botanical name of an order of flowering plants consisting of two (or three) families. The Proteales have been recognized by almost all…

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Розоцветные (Rosales)

Rosales is an order of flowering plants. It is sister to a clade consisting of Fagales and Cucurbitales. It contains about 7700 species, distributed into about…

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Самшитоцветные (Buxales)

The Buxales are a small order of eudicot flowering plants, recognized by the APG IV system of 2016. The order includes the family Buxaceae; the families…

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Сапиндоцветные (Sapindales)

Sapindales /sæpɪnˈdeɪliːz/ is an order of flowering plants. Well-known members of Sapindales include citrus; maples, horse-chestnuts, lychees and rambutans;…

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Сельдереецветные (Apiales)

The Apiales are an order of flowering plants. The families are those recognized in the APG III system. This is typical of the newer classifications, though…

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Тыквоцветные (Cucurbitales)

The Cucurbitales are an order of flowering plants, included in the rosid group of dicotyledons. This order mostly belongs to tropical areas, with limited…

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Эскаллониецветные (Escalloniales)

Escalloniaceae is a family of flowering plants consisting of about 130 species in seven genera. In the APG II system it is one of eight families in the…

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Ясноткоцветные (Lamiales)

The Lamiales are an order in the asterid group of dicotyledonous flowering plants. It includes about 23,810 species, 1,059 genera, and is divided into about 24…

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