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Ясноткоцветные (Lamiales) 5/24/08—7/6/20

The Lamiales are an order in the asterid group of dicotyledonous flowering plants. It includes about 23,810 species, 1,059 genera, and is divided into about 24 families. Well-known or economically important members of this order include lavender, lilac, olive, jasmine, the ash tree, teak, snapdragon, sesame, psyllium, garden sage, and a number of table herbs such as mint, basil, and rosemary.

The Lamiales previously had a restricted circumscription (e.g., by Arthur Cronquist) that included the major families Lamiaceae (Labiatae), Verbenaceae, and Boraginaceae, plus a few smaller families. In the classification system of Dahlgren the Lamiales were in the superorder Lamiiflorae (also called Lamianae). Recent phylogenetic work has shown the Lamiales are polyphyletic with respect to order Scrophulariales and the two groups are now usually combined in a single order that also includes the former orders Hippuridales and Plantaginales. Lamiales has become the preferred name for this much larger combined group. The placement of the Boraginaceae is unclear, but phylogenetic work shows this family does not belong in Lamiales.

Also, the circumscription of family Scrophulariaceae, formerly a paraphyletic group defined primarily by plesiomorphic characters and from within which numerous other families of the Lamiales were derived, has been radically altered to create a number of smaller, better-defined, and putatively monophyletic families.
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Акантовые (Acanthaceae) Acanthaceae is a family (the acanthus family) of dicotyledonous flowering plants containing almost 250 genera and about...

Акантовые (Acanthaceae)

Acanthaceae is a family (the acanthus family) of dicotyledonous flowering plants containing almost 250 genera and about 2500 species. Most are tropical herbs,…

132 images

Бигнониевые (Bignoniaceae) Bignoniaceae is a family of flowering plants in the order Lamiales commonly known as the bignonias. It is not known to...

Бигнониевые (Bignoniaceae)

Bignoniaceae is a family of flowering plants in the order Lamiales commonly known as the bignonias. It is not known to which of the other families in the order…

59 images

Вербеновые (Verbenaceae) The Verbenaceae are a family, commonly known as the verbena family or vervain family, of mainly tropical flowering...

Вербеновые (Verbenaceae)

The Verbenaceae are a family, commonly known as the verbena family or vervain family, of mainly tropical flowering plants. It contains trees, shrubs, and herbs…

144 images

Геснериевые (Gesneriaceae) Gesneriaceae is a family of flowering plants consisting of about 152 genera and ca. 3,540 species in the Old World and...

Геснериевые (Gesneriaceae)

Gesneriaceae is a family of flowering plants consisting of about 152 genera and ca. 3,540 species in the Old World and New World tropics and subtropics, with a…

92 images

Заразиховые (Orobanchaceae) Orobanchaceae, the broomrapes, is a family of parasitic plants of the order Lamiales, with about 90 genera and more than...

Заразиховые (Orobanchaceae)

Orobanchaceae, the broomrapes, is a family of parasitic plants of the order Lamiales, with about 90 genera and more than 2000 species. Many of these genera were…

167 images

Кальцеоляриевые (Calceolariaceae) Calceolariaceae is a family of flowering plants in the order Lamiales that has been recently segregated from...

Кальцеоляриевые (Calceolariaceae)

Calceolariaceae is a family of flowering plants in the order Lamiales that has been recently segregated from Scrophulariaceae. The family includes three genera,…

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Линдерниевые (Linderniaceae) Linderniaceae is a family of flowering plants in the order Lamiales, which consists of about 13 genera and 195 species...

Линдерниевые (Linderniaceae)

Linderniaceae is a family of flowering plants in the order Lamiales, which consists of about 13 genera and 195 species from worldwide, mainly in neotropics. In…

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Маслинные (Oleaceae) The Oleaceae are a family of flowering plants in the order Lamiales. It presently comprises 26 genera, one of which is...

Маслинные (Oleaceae)

The Oleaceae are a family of flowering plants in the order Lamiales. It presently comprises 26 genera, one of which is recently extinct. The 25 extant genera…

220 images

Норичниковые (Scrophulariaceae) The Scrophulariaceae is a family of flowering plants, commonly known as the figwort family. The plants are annual and...

Норичниковые (Scrophulariaceae)

The Scrophulariaceae is a family of flowering plants, commonly known as the figwort family. The plants are annual and perennial herbs, as well as one genus of…

109 images

Павловниевые (Paulowniaceae) Paulowniaceae is a family of flowering plants. They are a segregate of the Bignoniaceae, with the exception of...

Павловниевые (Paulowniaceae)

Paulowniaceae is a family of flowering plants. They are a segregate of the Bignoniaceae, with the exception of Brandisia, formerly in the Orobanchaceae.

7 images

Подорожниковые (Plantaginaceae) Plantaginaceae, the plantain family, is a family of flowering plants in the order Lamiales. The type genus is Plantago...

Подорожниковые (Plantaginaceae)

Plantaginaceae, the plantain family, is a family of flowering plants in the order Lamiales. The type genus is Plantago L.. In older classifications it used to…

464 images

Пузырчатковые (Lentibulariaceae) Lentibulariaceae, the bladderwort family, is a family of carnivorous plants containing three genera: Genlisea, the...

Пузырчатковые (Lentibulariaceae)

Lentibulariaceae, the bladderwort family, is a family of carnivorous plants containing three genera: Genlisea, the corkscrew plants; Pinguicula, the…

33 images

Фримовые (Phrymaceae) Phrymaceae, also known as the lopseed family, is a small family of flowering plants in the order Lamiales. It has a...

Фримовые (Phrymaceae)

Phrymaceae, also known as the lopseed family, is a small family of flowering plants in the order Lamiales. It has a nearly cosmopolitan distribution, but is…

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Яснотковые (Lamiaceae) Lamiaceae or Labiatae is a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or deadnettle family. Many of the...

Яснотковые (Lamiaceae)

Lamiaceae or Labiatae is a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or deadnettle family. Many of the plants are aromatic in all parts and include…

837 images

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