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Розоцветные (Rosales) 8/27/06—7/6/20

Rosales is an order of flowering plants. It is sister to a clade consisting of Fagales and Cucurbitales. It contains about 7700 species, distributed into about 260 genera. Rosales comprise nine families, the type family being the rose family, Rosaceae. The largest of these families are Rosaceae (90/2500) and Urticaceae (54/2600). The order Rosales is divided into three clades that have never been assigned a taxonomic rank. The basal clade consists of the family Rosaceae; another clade consists of four families, including Rhamnaceae; and the third clade consists of the four urticalean families.

The order Rosales is strongly supported as monophyletic in phylogenetic analyses of DNA sequences, such as those carried out by members of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. In their APG III system of plant classification, they defined Rosales as consisting of the nine families listed in the box on the right. The relationships of these families were uncertain until 2011, when they were resolved in a molecular phylogenetic study based on two nuclear genes and ten chloroplast genes.

Well-known members of Rosales include: roses, strawberries, blackberries and raspberries, apples and pears, plums, peaches and apricots, almonds, rowan and hawthorn, jujube, elms, banyans, figs, mulberries, breadfruit, nettles, hops, and cannabis.
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Вязовые (Ulmaceae) The Ulmaceae are a family of flowering plant that includes the elms (genus Ulmus), and the zelkovas (genus Zelkova)....

Вязовые (Ulmaceae)

The Ulmaceae are a family of flowering plant that includes the elms (genus Ulmus), and the zelkovas (genus Zelkova). Members of the family are widely…

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Коноплёвые (Cannabaceae) Cannabaceae is a small family of flowering plants. As now circumscribed, the family includes about 170 species grouped...

Коноплёвые (Cannabaceae)

Cannabaceae is a small family of flowering plants. As now circumscribed, the family includes about 170 species grouped in about 11 genera, including Cannabis…

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Крапивные (Urticaceae) The Urticaceae are a family, the nettle family, of flowering plants. The family name comes from the genus Urtica. The...

Крапивные (Urticaceae)

The Urticaceae are a family, the nettle family, of flowering plants. The family name comes from the genus Urtica. The Urticaceae include a number of well-known…

87 images

Крушиновые (Rhamnaceae) The Rhamnaceae are a large family of flowering plants, mostly trees, shrubs, and some vines, commonly called the...

Крушиновые (Rhamnaceae)

The Rhamnaceae are a large family of flowering plants, mostly trees, shrubs, and some vines, commonly called the buckthorn family. Rhamnaceae is included in the…

45 images

Лоховые (Elaeagnaceae) The Elaeagnaceae are a plant family, the oleaster family, of the order Rosales comprising small trees and shrubs, native...

Лоховые (Elaeagnaceae)

The Elaeagnaceae are a plant family, the oleaster family, of the order Rosales comprising small trees and shrubs, native to temperate regions of the Northern…

54 images

Розовые (Rosaceae) Rosaceae, the rose family, is a medium-sized family of flowering plants, including 4,828 known species in 91 genera. The...

Розовые (Rosaceae)

Rosaceae, the rose family, is a medium-sized family of flowering plants, including 4,828 known species in 91 genera. The name is derived from the type genus…

2471 images

Тутовые (Moraceae) The Moraceae often called the mulberry family or fig family are a family of flowering plants comprising about 38 genera...

Тутовые (Moraceae)

The Moraceae often called the mulberry family or fig family are a family of flowering plants comprising about 38 genera and over 1180 species. Most are…

81 images

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