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Тутовые (Moraceae) 4/28/09—12/27/19

The Moraceae often called the mulberry family or fig family are a family of flowering plants comprising about 38 genera and over 1180 species. Most are widespread in tropical and subtropical regions, less so in temperate climates. The only synapomorphy within Moraceae is presence of laticifers and milky sap in all parenchymatous tissues, but generally useful field characters include two carpels sometimes with one reduced, compound inconspicuous flowers, and compound fruits. The family includes well-known plants such as the fig, banyan, breadfruit, mulberry, and Osage-orange. The 'flowers' of Moraceae are often pseudanthia (reduced inflorescences).

Formerly included within the now defunct order Urticales, recent molecular studies have resulted in its placement within Rosales in a clade called the urticalean rosids that also includes Ulmaceae, Celtidaceae, Cannabaceae and Urticaceae. Cecropia, which has variously been placed in Moraceae, Urticaceae, or their own family, Cecropiaceae, is now included in Urticaceae.

Dioecy (having individuals with separate sexes) appears to be the primitive state in Moraceae. Monoecy has evolved independently at least four times within the family.
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Инжир обыкновенный, Фига, Смоковница (Ficus carica)

Инжир обыкновенный, Фига, Смоковница (Ficus carica)

22 images

Скумпия кожевенная (Cotinus coggygria)

Скумпия кожевенная (Cotinus coggygria)

7 images

Фикус (Ficus sp.)

Фикус (Ficus sp.)

4 images

Фикус бенгальский (Ficus bengalensis)

Фикус бенгальский (Ficus bengalensis)

9 images

Фикус бенджамина (Ficus benjamina)

Фикус бенджамина (Ficus benjamina)

6 images

Фикус карликовый (Ficus pumila)

Фикус карликовый (Ficus pumila)

4 images

Фикус священный (Ficus religiosa)

Фикус священный (Ficus religiosa)

7 images

Хлебное дерево гетеротипное (Artocarpus heterophyllus)

Хлебное дерево гетеротипное (Artocarpus heterophyllus)

16 images

Хлебное дерево каманси (Artocarpus camansi)

Хлебное дерево каманси (Artocarpus camansi)

2 images

Шелковица (Morus alba)

Шелковица (Morus alba)

4 images

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