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Мальпигиецветные (Malpighiales) 6/14/08—7/6/20

The Malpighiales comprise one of the largest orders of flowering plants, containing about 16,000 species, about 7.8% of the eudicots. The order is very diverse, containing plants as different as the willow, violet, Poinsettia, and coca plant, and are hard to recognize except with molecular phylogenetic evidence. It is not part of any of the classification systems based only on plant morphology. Molecular clock calculations estimate the origin of stem group Malpighiales at around 100 million years ago (Mya) and the origin of crown group Malpighiales at about 90 Mya.

The Malpighiales are divided into 32 to 42 families, depending upon which clades in the order are given the taxonomic rank of family. In the APG III system, 35 families are recognized. Medusagynaceae, Quiinaceae, Peraceae, Malesherbiaceae, Turneraceae, Samydaceae, and Scyphostegiaceae are consolidated into other families. The largest family, by far, is the Euphorbiaceae, with about 6300 species in about 245 genera.

In a 2009 study of DNA sequences of 13 genes, 42 families were placed into 16 groups, ranging in size from one to 10 families. Almost nothing is known about the relationships among these 16 groups. Malpighiales and Lamiales are the two large orders whose phylogeny remains mostly unresolved.
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Зверобойные (Hypericaceae) Hypericaceae is a plant family in the order Malpighiales, comprising ca 6 genera and 590 species. Molecular data...

Зверобойные (Hypericaceae)

Hypericaceae is a plant family in the order Malpighiales, comprising ca 6 genera and 590 species. Molecular data supports its monophyly. Some systematists treat…

52 images

Ивовые (Salicaceae) The Salicaceae are a family, the willow family, of flowering plants. The traditional family (Salicaceae sensu stricto)...

Ивовые (Salicaceae)

The Salicaceae are a family, the willow family, of flowering plants. The traditional family (Salicaceae sensu stricto) included the willows, poplar, aspen, and…

149 images

Клузиевые (Clusiaceae) The Clusiaceae or Guttiferae Juss. (1789) are a family of plants including 13 genera and ca 750 species,. Several former...

Клузиевые (Clusiaceae)

The Clusiaceae or Guttiferae Juss. (1789) are a family of plants including 13 genera and ca 750 species,. Several former members of Clusiacae are now placed in…

7 images

Льновые (Linaceae) Linaceae is a family of flowering plants. The family is cosmopolitan, and includes about 250 species in 14 genera,...

Льновые (Linaceae)

Linaceae is a family of flowering plants. The family is cosmopolitan, and includes about 250 species in 14 genera, classified into two subfamilies: the…

16 images

Молочайные (Euphorbiaceae) The Euphorbiaceae, the spurge family, is a large family of flowering plants. In common English, they are sometimes...

Молочайные (Euphorbiaceae)

The Euphorbiaceae, the spurge family, is a large family of flowering plants. In common English, they are sometimes called euphorbias, which is also the name of…

191 images

Охновые (Ochnaceae) Ochnaceae is a family of flowering plants in the order Malpighiales. In the APG III system of classification of...

Охновые (Ochnaceae)

Ochnaceae is a family of flowering plants in the order Malpighiales. In the APG III system of classification of flowering plants, Ochnaceae is defined broadly,…

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Страстоцветные (Passifloraceae) The Passifloraceae are a family of flowering plants, containing about 750 species classified in around 27 genera. They...

Страстоцветные (Passifloraceae)

The Passifloraceae are a family of flowering plants, containing about 750 species classified in around 27 genera. They include trees, shrubs, lianas, and…

29 images

Фиалковые (Violaceae) Violaceae is a family of flowering plants consisting of 806 species in 25 genera. It takes its name from the genus...

Фиалковые (Violaceae)

Violaceae is a family of flowering plants consisting of 806 species in 25 genera. It takes its name from the genus Viola, the violets and pansies. Older…

131 images

Тёрнеровые (Turneraceae) Turneraceae is a family of flowering plants consisting of 120 species in 10 genera. The Cronquist system placed the...

Тёрнеровые (Turneraceae)

Turneraceae is a family of flowering plants consisting of 120 species in 10 genera. The Cronquist system placed the Turneracids in the order Violales, but it is…

5 images

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