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Маковые (Papaveraceae) 4/28/09—6/13/20

The Papaveraceae, are an economically important family of about 42 genera and approximately 775 known species of flowering plants in the order Ranunculales, informally known as the poppy family. The family is cosmopolitan, occurring in temperate and subtropical climates (mostly in the northern hemisphere), but almost unknown in the tropics. Most are herbaceous plants, but a few are shrubs and small trees. The family currently includes two groups that have been considered to be separate families: Fumariaceae and Pteridophyllaceae.

The plants may be annual, biennial, or perennial. Usually herbaceous, a few species form shrubs or evergreen trees. They are lactiferous, producing latex, which may be milky or watery, coloured or plain. All parts contain a well-developed duct system (these ducts are called "laticifers"), producing a milky latex, a watery white, yellow or red juice.

The simple leaves are alternate or sometimes whorled. They have petioles and are not enclosed by a sheath. The leaves are usually lobed or pinnatifid (i.e. consisting of several not entirely separate leaflets), or much divided. There are no stipules.

The plants are hermaphroditic and are pollinated mostly by insects (entomophilous); flower nectaries are lacking. A few are wind pollinated (anemophilous). There is a distinct calyx and corolla, except in Macleaya where the corolla is lacking. The flowers are medium-sized or large. The terminal flowers are solitary in many species. In others the terminal inflorescence is cymose or racemose. The flowers are odourless and regular.



There are many stamens, mostly 16 to 60, arranged in two separate whorls, the outer one with stamens alternating with petals, the inner one opposite. The gynoecium consists of a compound pistil with 2 to 100 carpels. The ovary is superior and unilocular. The ovary is either stemless (sessile) or on a short stem (stipitate).



The non-fleshy fruit is usually a capsule, breaking open at maturity to release the seeds through pores (poricidal), through the partitions between the cells (septicidal), or by means of valves (valvular). The numerous seeds are small. Their nutritive tissue (endosperm) is oily and farinose. The fruit of Platystemon is a schizocarp.



The basic chromosome number, x, is 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11, up to 2n = 84 (dodecaploidy) in species of Papaver, Argemone and Meconopsis.
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Аргемона мексиканская (Argemone mexicana)

Аргемона мексиканская (Argemone mexicana)

7 images

Дицентра исключительная (Dicentra eximia)

Дицентра исключительная (Dicentra eximia)

20 images

Дицентра красивая 'Вакханал' (Dicentra formosa 'Bacchanal')

Дицентра красивая 'Вакханал' (Dicentra formosa 'Bacchanal')

4 images

Дицентра, сердцецвет великолепная (Lamprocapnos spectabilis)

Дицентра, сердцецвет великолепная (Lamprocapnos spectabilis)

23 images

Дымянка лекарственная, аптечная, Дикая рута (Fumaria officinalis)

Дымянка лекарственная, аптечная, Дикая рута (Fumaria officinalis)

10 images

Дымянка стенная (Fumaria muralis)

Дымянка стенная (Fumaria muralis)

5 images

Калужница болотная 'Многосложная' (Caltha palustris 'Multiplex')

Калужница болотная 'Многосложная' (Caltha palustris 'Multiplex')

2 images

Калужница болотная (Caltha palustris)

Калужница болотная (Caltha palustris)

9 images

Мак 2 (Papaver 2 sp.)

Мак 2 (Papaver 2 sp.)

4 images

Мак аргемона (Papaver argemone)

Мак аргемона (Papaver argemone)

10 images

Мак атлантический (Papaver atlanticum)

Мак атлантический (Papaver atlanticum)

2 images

Мак восточный (Papaver orientale)

Мак восточный (Papaver orientale)

8 images

Мак крупноротый (Papaver macrostomum)

Мак крупноротый (Papaver macrostomum)

4 images

Мак самосейка (Papaver rhoeas)

Мак самосейка (Papaver rhoeas)

6 images

Мак снотворный 'Белое Облако' (Papaver somniferum 'White Cloud')

Мак снотворный 'Белое Облако' (Papaver somniferum 'White Cloud')

4 images

Мак снотворный (Papaver somniferum)

Мак снотворный (Papaver somniferum)

44 images

Мак снотворный подвид дольчатый 'Датский Флаг' (Papaver somniferum var. laciniatum 'Danish Flag')

Мак снотворный подвид дольчатый 'Датский Флаг' (Papaver somniferum var. laciniatum 'Danish Flag')

34 images

Мак сомнительный (Papaver dubium)

Мак сомнительный (Papaver dubium)

25 images

Мак шафранный (Papaver croceum)

Мак шафранный (Papaver croceum)

5 images

Сангинария канадская 'Мультиплекс' (Sanguinaria canadensis 'Multiplex')

Сангинария канадская 'Мультиплекс' (Sanguinaria canadensis 'Multiplex')

2 images

Сангинария канадская (Sanguinaria canadensis)

Сангинария канадская (Sanguinaria canadensis)

6 images

Хохлатка желтая (Pseudofumaria lutea)

Хохлатка желтая (Pseudofumaria lutea)

3 images

Хохлатка плотная (Corydalis solida)

Хохлатка плотная (Corydalis solida)

18 images

Хохлатка плотная белая форма (Corydalis solida f. alba)

Хохлатка плотная белая форма (Corydalis solida f. alba)

6 images

Хохлатка промежуточная (Corydalis intermedia)

7 images

Хохлатка промежуточная белая форма (Corydalis intermedia f. alba)

5 images

Хохлатка украшенная (Corydalis ornata)

6 images

Хохлатка Шангина (Corydalis Schanginii)

5 images

Чистотел большой (Chelidonium majus)

79 images

Эшшольция калифорнийская (Eschscholzia californica)

23 images

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