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Бурачниковые (Boraginaceae) 5/17/08—6/8/20

Boraginaceae, the borage or forget-me-not family, includes a variety of shrubs, trees, and herbs, totaling about 2,000 species in 146 genera found worldwide.

According to the APG II, the Boraginaceae belongs among the euasterid I group, including the orders Gentianales, Lamiales, and Solanales, but whether it should be assigned to one of these orders or to its own (Boraginales) is still uncertain. Under the older Cronquist system it was included in Lamiales, but it is now clear that it is no more similar to the other families in this order than they are to families in several other asterid orders. The Boraginaceae is paraphyletic with respect to Hydrophyllaceae and the latter is included in the former in the APG II system. In some recent classifications the Boraginaceae is broken up into several families: Boraginaceae sensu stricto, Cordiaceae, Ehretiaceae, Heliotropiaceae, Lennoaceae, and Hydrophyllaceae.

These plants have alternately arranged leaves, or a combination of alternate and opposite leaves. The leaf blades usually have a narrow shape; many are linear or lance-shaped. They are smooth-edged or toothed, and some have petioles. Most species have bisexual flowers, but some taxa are dioecious. Most pollination is by hymenopterans, such as bees. Most species have inflorescences that have a coiling shape, at least when new. The flower has a usually five-lobed calyx. The corolla varies in shape from rotate to bell-shaped to tubular, but it generally has five lobes. It can be green, white, yellow, orange, pink, purple, or blue. There are five stamens and one style with one or two stigmas. The fruit is a drupe, sometimes fleshy.

Most members of this family have hairy leaves. The coarse character of the hairs is due to cystoliths of silicon dioxide and calcium carbonate. These hairs can induce an adverse skin reaction, including itching and rash in some individuals, particularly among people who handle the plants regularly, such as gardeners. In some species, anthocyanins cause the flowers to change color from red to blue with age. This is may be a signal to pollinators that a flower is old and depleted of pollen and nectar.
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Бруннера крупнолистная (Brunnera macrophylla)

Бруннера крупнолистная (Brunnera macrophylla)

8 images

Бруннера сибирская (Brunnera sibirica)

Бруннера сибирская (Brunnera sibirica)

5 images

Бурачник лекарственный 'Белый Огуречник' (Borago officinalis 'White Borage')

Бурачник лекарственный 'Белый Огуречник' (Borago officinalis 'White Borage')

3 images

Бурачник лекарственный (Borago officinalis)

Бурачник лекарственный (Borago officinalis)

12 images

Воловик лекарственный (Anchusa officinalis)

Воловик лекарственный (Anchusa officinalis)

25 images

Воробейник лекарственный (Lithospermum officinale)

Воробейник лекарственный (Lithospermum officinale)

4 images

Воробейник полевой (Lithospermum arvense)

Воробейник полевой (Lithospermum arvense)

5 images

Гелиотроп древовидный 'Моряк' (Heliotropium arborescens 'Marine')

Гелиотроп древовидный 'Моряк' (Heliotropium arborescens 'Marine')

5 images

Гелиотроп древовидный (Heliotropium arborescens Scentropia Dark Blue 'Heliobu')

Гелиотроп древовидный (Heliotropium arborescens Scentropia Dark Blue 'Heliobu')

3 images

Медуница красная (Pulmonaria rubra)

Медуница красная (Pulmonaria rubra)

6 images

Медуница мягкая (Pulmonaria mollis)

Медуница мягкая (Pulmonaria mollis)

13 images

Медуница неясная (Pulmonaria obscura)

Медуница неясная (Pulmonaria obscura)

2 images

Мертензия приморская, морская (Mertensia maritima)

Мертензия приморская, морская (Mertensia maritima)

8 images

Незабудка болотная белая форма (Myosotis scorpioides f. alba)

Незабудка болотная белая форма (Myosotis scorpioides f. alba)

1 image

Незабудка лесная (Myosotis sylvatica)

Незабудка лесная (Myosotis sylvatica)

48 images

Незабудка лесная белая форма (Myosotis sylvatica f. alba)

Незабудка лесная белая форма (Myosotis sylvatica f. alba)

7 images

Незабудка лесная розовая форма (Myosotis sylvatica f. rosea)

Незабудка лесная розовая форма (Myosotis sylvatica f. rosea)

8 images

Незабудка мелкоцветковая (Myosotis micrantha)

Незабудка мелкоцветковая (Myosotis micrantha)

17 images

Окопник крупноцветковый (Symphytum grandiflorum)

Окопник крупноцветковый (Symphytum grandiflorum)

8 images

Окопник лекарственный (Symphytum officinale)

Окопник лекарственный (Symphytum officinale)

10 images

Окопник лекарственный белая форма (Symphytum officinale f. alba)

Окопник лекарственный белая форма (Symphytum officinale f. alba)

11 images

Пупочник весенний (Omphalodes verna)

Пупочник весенний (Omphalodes verna)

9 images

Пупочник завитой (Omphalodes scorpioides)

Пупочник завитой (Omphalodes scorpioides)

9 images

Пупочник каппадокийский (Omphalodes cappadocica)

Пупочник каппадокийский (Omphalodes cappadocica)

8 images

Синяк белеющий (Echium candicans)

4 images

Синяк Вебба (Echium webbii)

8 images

Синяк Вильдпрета (Echium wildpretii)

2 images

Синяк обыкновенный (Echium vulgare)

33 images

Синяк приятный 'Красные Перья' (Echium amoenum 'Red Feathers')

12 images

Чернокорень критский (Cynoglossum creticum)

2 images

Чернокорень лекарственный (Cynoglossum officinale)

12 images

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